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Reference Online Dictionary Harvard Style Bibliography

Encyclopaedia or dictionary - no author listed for entry
If there is no author evident for the entry in the dictionary or encyclopaedia provide the nameof the dictionary or encyclopaedia in italics and the year it was published.  No entry is needed in the reference list.  Refer to Snooks (2002, p. 199).

In-Text:             The Macquarie Dictionary (1997) defines...

References:    No entry is needed in the reference list


Encyclopaedia article - author listed for entry
If an author for the entry is evident, treat the same way as for a chapter in an edited book.

In-Text:               (Lazarus 2001)

References:      Lazarus, AA 2001, ‘Multimodal therapy' in WE Craighead & CB Nemeroff (eds), The Corsini encyclopedia of
                             psychology and behavioural science
, 3rd edn, Wiley, New York, vol. 3, pp. 993-4.


Encyclopaedia or dictionary electronic format - no author listed for entry
To indicate the dictionary or encyclopaedia is in electronic format add 'online' after the title.  Snooks (2002) does not provide guidance for this type of reference.

In-Text:               The Mosby's dictionary of medicine nursing and helath professions online (2009) defines....

References:      No entry is needed in the reference list


Encyclopaedia or dictionary electronic format - author listed for entry

In-Text:               (Weatherall 2005)

References:        Weatherall, D 2005, ‘Thalassemia' in DN Cooper (ed.), Encyclopaedia of the human genome,
Wiley, Hoboken, NJ, viewed 8 February 2011, <>.

Harvard Referencing Guide
Unlike many referencing styles, there is no source document for a Harvard Guide. This guide is based on Commonwealth of Australia 2002, Style Manual for authors, editors and printers, 6thedn, rev. by Snooks & Co, John Wiley & Sons, Australia, Milton; and a wide range of online Harvard Guides were also consulted.

In addition to this Library Guide there is also a PDF version of the Monash online Harvard Guide.


  • A table of contents, which can be used as a quick guide on each page
  • examples of in-text citing for each source type
  • basic explanations of key terms and symbols used in referencing
  • more comprehensive coverage of source types
  • rules for page numbers at the top of each page
  • notes included with individual examples where relevant, highlighting details that may be overlooked
  • tips for figures, tables and musical notation at Appendix A
  • a quick guide for referencing articles at Appendix B
  • a quick guide to in-text referencing at Appendix C
  • a sample reference list at Appendix D

Monash University 2012