History: The Indian Removal Act Essay
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The early 1800’s was a very important time for America. The small country was quickly expanding. With the Louisiana Purchase and the Lewis and Clark expedition, America almost tripled in size by 1853. However, even with the amount of land growing, not everyone was welcomed with open arms. With the expansion of the country, the white Americans decided that they needed the Natives out. There were several motives for the removal of the Indians from their lands, to include racism and land lust. Since they first arrived, the white Americans hadn’t been too fond of the Native Americans. They were thought to be highly uncivilized and they had to go. In his letter to Congress addressing the removal of the Indian tribes, President Jackson…show more content…
The act consisted of eight sections that defined, in detail, what could be expected. They let him maintain control over the tribes, even though they moved. Five tribes, the Choctaw, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Creeks, and Seminoles, agreed to sign treaties to leave their homes and move west (Copeland 195). However, Andrew Jackson left a few pieces of information out:
“What the Removal Bill did not do was as significant as what it did. It did not define precisely the constitutional rights of any tribe that had been removed. It did not make mandatory the allocation of funds for tribal assistance if Congress wanted the money for anything else. It specified no machinery for carrying out the removal. Also, it made no mention that in 1828 gold had been discovered on Cherokee land at Dahlonega, Georgia, and it drew no lines between state or federal rights” (Jahoda 41).
If this information was placed in the bill, it could have put risk on the agreement between Jackson and the tribes. It possibly may have made it more difficult to get the Indians to agree to it.
In 1831, the Cherokee nation went to court against the state of Georgia. They were disputing the state’s attempt to hold jurisdiction over their territory. Unfortunately, because they are not under the laws of the constitution, the Indian’s right to court was denied. It was not until 1835 that the Cherokee finally agreed to sign the treaty, giving up their Georgia land for that of Oklahoma.
In the same year,
Show MoreTHE INDIAN REMOVAL ACT OF 1830
HIST101: American History to 1877
Professor Kathleen Davis
February 13, 2014
There are several historical events and issues that have impacted the contemporary political development among American history. In the history of America one of these groups are the Native Americans. The white man throughout the South called for a removal of the Indian peoples. They wanted the Native Indians to be resettled to the west because their presence created a problem for the white man who needed additional land for settlement. “The status of Native American peoples posed an equally complex political problem” (Henretta, Edwards, Self 2012, 302). Therefore, Andrew Jackson posed the Indian Removal…show more content…
In addition, it was found that the Indian lands contained a plethora of gold to be mined. So the land was not only for the new settlers but for the riches that it contained and Jackson who spent his military career fighting against the Indians gave support to the removal of the Indians. This is when President Andrew Jackson passed the Indian Removal Act of 1830 and “Congress chose to disregard Indian treaty guarantees when it passed the Indian Removal Act” (U.S. Department of State n.d., 1). This forced the Native American Indians to surrender millions of acres of land and move to the West.
The Indian Removal Act of 1830 was defined by Andrew Jackson to Congress on December 6, 1830. He commented "It gives me pleasure to announce to Congress that the benevolent policy of the Government, steadily pursued for nearly thirty years, in relation to the removal of the Indians beyond the white settlements is approaching to a happy consummation” (Library of Congress, Jackson, 1830). At that time however only two tribes agreed to leave their land, the others were not in agreement with the Indian Removal Act. In response, the American Indians fought back on a political level, Chief John Ross who represented the majority of the American Indians who did not want to leave their lands tried to diplomatically and legally maintain autonomy with the United States government.
Chief John Ross attempted to negotiate with the federal government using legal arguments citing federal