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Time Locker Henry Kuttner Bibliography

Henry Kuttner
Born(1915-04-07)April 7, 1915
Los Angeles, California, United States
DiedFebruary 3, 1958(1958-02-03) (aged 42)
Los Angeles, California, United States
Occupationshort story writer; novelist
GenreScience fiction, Fantasy, Horror

Henry Kuttner (April 7, 1915 – February 3, 1958) was an American author of science fiction, fantasy and horror.

Early life[edit]

Henry Kuttner was born in Los Angeles, California in 1915. Naphtaly Kuttner (1829–1903) and Amelia Bush (c. 1834–1911), the parents of his father, the bookseller Henry Kuttner (1863–1920), had come from Leszno in Prussia and lived in San Francisco since 1859; the parents of his mother, Annie Levy (1875–1954), were from Great Britain. Henry Kuttner's great-grandfather was the scholar Josua Heschel Kuttner. Kuttner grew up in relative poverty following the death of his father. As a young man he worked in his spare time for the literary agency of his uncle,[1]Laurence D'Orsay (in fact his first cousin per marriage), in Los Angeles before selling his first story, "The Graveyard Rats", to Weird Tales in early 1936. It was while working for the d'Orsay agency that Kuttner picked Leigh Brackett's early manuscripts of the slush pile; it was under his tutelage that she sold her first story (to John W. Campbell at Astounding Stories).[2]

Alfred Bester told this anecdote about Kuttner: "Mort Weisinger introduced me to the informal luncheon gatherings of the working science fiction authors of the late thirties. I met Henry Kuttner", whom Bester described as "medium-sized", "very quiet and courteous, and entirely without outstanding features. Once I broke Kuttner up quite unintentionally. I said to Weisinger, 'I've just finished a wild story that takes place in a spaceless, timeless locale where there's no objective reality. It's awfully long, 20,000 words, but I can cut the first 5,000.' Kuttner burst out laughing."[3]

Kuttner met numerous fellow writers of the time, including E. Hoffman Price and Clark Ashton Smith.

Kuttner and Moore[edit]

Kuttner was known for his literary prose and worked in close collaboration with his wife, C. L. Moore. They met through their association with the "Lovecraft Circle", a group of writers and fans who corresponded with H. P. Lovecraft.[4] Their work together spanned the 1940s and 1950s and most of the work was credited to pseudonyms, mainly Lewis Padgett and Lawrence O'Donnell. Both freely admitted that they collaborated in part because his page rate was higher than hers.[citation needed] In fact, several people have written or said that she wrote three stories which were published under his name.[citation needed] "Clash by Night" and The Portal in the Picture (Beyond Earth's Gates) are sometimes attributed to her.[citation needed]

In the mid-1940s Kuttner contributed numerous scripts to the Green Lantern comic book.

L. Sprague de Camp, who knew Kuttner and Moore well, has stated that their collaboration was so seamless that, after a story was completed, it was often impossible for either Kuttner or Moore to recall who had written what. According to de Camp, it was typical for either partner to break off from a story in mid-paragraph or even mid-sentence, with the latest page of the manuscript still in the typewriter. The other spouse would routinely continue the story where the first had left off. They alternated in this manner as many times as necessary until the story was finished.

Among Kuttner's most popular work were the Gallegher stories, published under the Padgett name, about a man who invented high-tech solutions to client problems (including an insufferably egomaniacal robot) when he was stinking drunk, only to be completely unable to remember exactly what he had built or why after sobering up. These stories were later collected in Robots Have No Tails. In her introduction to the 1973 Lancer Books edition, Moore stated that Kuttner wrote all the Gallegher stories himself.[5]

In 2007, New Line Cinema released a feature film loosely based on the Lewis Padgett short story "Mimsy Were the Borogoves" under the title The Last Mimzy. In addition, The Best of Henry Kuttner was republished under the title The Last Mimzy Stories.

Influence[edit]

Marion Zimmer Bradley is among many authors who have cited Kuttner as an influence. Her novel The Bloody Sun is dedicated to him. Roger Zelazny has talked about the influence of The Dark World on his Amber series.

Kuttner's friend Richard Matheson dedicated his 1954 novel I Am Legend to Kuttner, with thanks for his help and encouragement. Ray Bradbury has said that Kuttner actually wrote the last 300 words of Bradbury's first horror story, "The Candle" (Weird Tales, November 1942). Bradbury has referred to Kuttner as a neglected master and a "pomegranate writer: popping with seeds—full of ideas".[6]

William S. Burroughs's novel The Ticket That Exploded contains direct quotes from Kuttner regarding the "Happy Cloak" parasitic pleasure monster from the Venusian seas.

Mary Elizabeth Counselman believed that Kuttner's habit of writing under widely varied pseudonyms deprived him of the fame that should have been his. "I have often wondered why Kuttner chose to hide his talents behind so many false faces for no editorial reason... Admittedly, the fun is in pretending to be someone else. But Kuttner cheated himself of much fame that he richly deserved by hiding his light under a bushel of pen names that many fans did not know were his. Seabury Quinn and I both chided him about this."[7]

According to J. Vernon Shea, August Derleth "kept promising to publish Hank's and Catherine's books under the Arkham House imprint, but kept postponing them."[8] This may have formed another factor in the situation that Kuttner's work (save a few classic horror stories such as "The Graveyard Rats" and fantasies like "Mimsy Were the Borogroves") has been largely forgotten.

The Cthulhu Mythos[edit]

A friend of Lovecraft's as well as of Clark Ashton Smith, Kuttner contributed several stories to the Cthulhu Mythos genre invented by those authors (among others). Among these were "The Secret of Kralitz" (Weird Tales, October 1936), "The Eater of Souls" (Weird Tales, January 1937), "The Salem Horror" (Weird Tales, May 1937), "The Invaders" (Strange Stories, February 1939) and "The Hunt" (Strange Stories, June 1939).[9]

Kuttner added a few lesser-known deities to the Mythos, including Iod ("The Secret of Kralitz"), Vorvadoss ("The Eater of Souls"), and Nyogtha ("The Salem Horror"). Critic Shawn Ramsey suggests that Abigail Prinn, the villain of "The Salem Horror", might have been intended by Kuttner to be a descendant of Ludvig Prinn, author of De Vermis Mysteriis—a book that appears in Kuttner's "The Invaders".[10]

Etchings and Odysseys No 4 (1984), edited by Eric A. Carlson, John J. Koblas and R. Alain Everts, was a special Kuttner tribute issue featuring three reprinted tales by Kuttner - "It Walks By Night", "The Frog" and "The Invaders," together with various essays on Kuttner, and an interview with his wife and fellow writer C.L. Moore.

Crypt of Cthulhu 5, No 7 (whole number 41) (Lammas 1986), edited by Robert M. Price, was a special Henry Kuttner issue collecting eight Cthulhu Mythos stories by Kuttner. (It did not include "Spawn of Dagon" or "The Invaders").

The Book of Iod: Ten Tales of the Mythos is a collection of Kuttner's Cthulhu Mythos stories edited by Robert M. Price (Chaosium, 1995). (It also contains three additional tales concerning 'Iod's dread tome' by Robert Bloch, Lin Carter and Robert M. Price). The Kuttner stories included are: "The Secret of Kralitz", "The Eater of Souls", "The Salem Horror", "The Jest of Droom-Avesta", "Spawn of Dagon", "The Invaders", "The Frog", "Hydra", "Bells of Horror" and "The Hunt" - thus, all the Mythos stories which had appeared in the special Kuttner issue of Crypt of Cthulhu, plus "Spawn of Dagon" and "The Invaders". The story "The Black Kiss" (printed here, as often elsewhere, under the joint byline of Kuttner and Robert Bloch), was in fact written entirely by Bloch; Bloch co-credited Kuttner on the tale due to using the character Michael Leigh from "The Salem Horror".[11] "Beneath the Tombstone" by Robert M. Price and "Dead of Night" by Lin Carter round out the volume. Price points out in his introduction to the volume that "Henry Kuttner's own private corner of the Cthulhu Mythos was, then, apparently derived in about equal measure from Lovecraft, Bloch, Zoroastrianism, and Theosophy." [12]

Later life[edit]

Henry Kuttner spent the middle 1950s getting his master's degree before dying of a heart attack in Los Angeles in 1958.

A number of his novels were published posthumously.

Pseudonyms[edit]

Partial bibliography[edit]

Short stories[edit]

Tony Quade stories[edit]

Elak of Atlantis stories[edit]

Thunder Jim Wade series (as by Charles Stoddard)[edit]

"Baldy" Stories[edit]

Other[edit]

  • "The Graveyard Rats" (1936) adapted for television movie Trilogy of Terror II (1996)[1]
  • "The Secret of Kralitz" (1936)
  • "The Eater of Souls" (1937)
  • "The Salem Horror" (1937)
  • "Dictator of the Americas" (as James Hall, 1938)
  • "Avengers of Space" (1938)
  • "The Invaders" (1939)
  • "Bells of Horror" (1939)
  • "The Hunt" (1939)
  • "Beauty and the Beast" (1940)
  • "Dr. Cyclops" (1940)
  • "Masquerade" (1942), adapted for episode of television series Thriller (1961) [2]
  • "Mimsy Were the Borogoves" (as Lewis Padgett, 1943) used as the basis for the 2007 movie The Last Mimzy[3], and for the French TV adaptation "Tout spliques étaient les Borogoves" (1970)[4]
  • "Clash by Night" (with C. L. Moore) (1943)
  • "The Proud Robot" (as Lewis Padgett, 1943)
    • The story is about a fancy narcissistic robot which turned out to be "a bigger and better opener" created by a drunk inventor,[13] described by a reviewer as "the most beautiful can opener in the world".[14]
  • "The Time Locker" (as Lewis Padgett, 1943)
  • "Gallegher Plus" (as Lewis Padgett, 1943)
  • "Nothing but Gingerbread Left" (1943)
  • "The Twonky" (as Lewis Padgett, 1942), adapted for film of the same name in 1953 [5]
  • "The World Is Mine" (as Lewis Padgett, 1943)
  • "The Eyes of Thar" (published in Planet Stories, Fall Issue, 1944)
  • "What You Need" (as Lewis Padgett, 1945) adapted for "What You Need" episodes of Tales of Tomorrow (1952)[6] and The Twilight Zone (1959) television shows [7]
  • "The Cure" (1946)
  • "The Dark Angel" (with C. L. Moore, 1946), later published as "Dark Angel" (as Lewis Padgett, 1975), adapted for episode of same name of television series Tales of Tomorrow[8]
  • "Call Him Demon" (1946)
  • "Vintage Season" (with C. L. Moore; 1946), filmed in 1992 as Timescape[9]
  • "Land of the Earthquake" (1947)
  • "Ex Machina" (as Lewis Padgett, 1948)
  • "Happy Ending" (1949)
  • "Satan Sends Flowers" (1953)
  • "Or Else" (1953), published in the anthology The War Book (edited by James Sallis, 1969).
  • The Best of Henry Kuttner anthologizes 17 stories. (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1975).
  • The Eyes of Thar (1944)
  • Atomic! (1947)

Fixups[edit]

Novels[edit]

  • A Million Years to Conquer (1940), published in book form as The Creature from Beyond Infinity (1968)
  • Earth's Last Citadel (with C. L. Moore) (1943, first book publication 1964)
  • The Fairy Chessmen (1946, as Lewis Padgett, also retitled as Chessboard Planet and The Far Reality)
  • Valley of the Flame (1946, first book publication 1964)
  • The Dark World (with C. L. Moore (assumed)) (1946, first book publication 1965)
  • The Brass Ring (with C. L. Moore) (1946, nongenre, also published as Murder in Brass)
  • Tomorrow and Tomorrow (1947, as Lewis Padgett)
  • Fury (1947, first book publication 1950, later published under the title Destination: Infinity (1958))
  • The Day He Died (with C. L. Moore) (1947, nongenre)
  • The Mask of Circe (1948, first book publication 1971) (Illustrated by Alicia Austin in 1971)
  • The Time Axis (1949, first book publication 1965)
  • The Portal in the Picture (with C. L. Moore) (1949, also known as Beyond Earth's Gates)
  • The Well of the Worlds (1952, first book publication 1953)
  • Man Drowning (1952, nongenre)
  • The Murder of Eleanor Pope (1956, nongenre)
  • The Murder of Ann Avery (1956, nongenre)
  • Murder of a Mistress (1957, nongenre)
  • Murder of a Wife (1958, nongenre)

Collections[edit]

Television[edit]

Comic books[edit]

  • "Doiby Dickles Enters High Sassiety"

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #12; Summer 1944

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #12; Summer 1944

  • "The Lord Haw-Haw of Crime"

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #13; Fall 1944

  • "Doiby Dickles, Da District Attorney"

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; All-American Comics #62; December 1944

Green Lantern comic story; 12 pages; Comic Cavalcade #9; Winter 1944

  • "The Cave Kid Goes To Town"

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #14; Winter 1944-45

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #16; Summer 1945

  • "Doiby Dickles, the Human Bomb"

Green Lantern comic story; 12 pages; All-American Comics #71; March 1946

  • "The Last of the Buccaneers"

Green Lantern comic story; 12 pages; Green Lantern #18; Winter 1945-1946

  • "The Man Who Doubled In Death, or, The Duplicity of Johnny Double"

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #18; Winter 1945-1946

  • "Sing a Song of Disaster"

Green Lantern comic story; 12 pages; Green Lantern #19; April–May 1946

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #19; April–May 1946

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #19; April–May 1946

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #20; June–July 1946

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #21; August–September 1946

  • "What Makes Goitrude Go?"

Green Lantern / comic story / 13 pages; Green Lantern (1941 series) #21 August–September 1946

  • "The Man Who Insults Everybody"

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #22; October–November 1946

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #22; October–November 1946

Notes[edit]

  1. ^According to Robert Bloch in his autobiography Once Around The Bloch BY: Tor Books, (1995), p. 95.
  2. ^Leigh Brackett "My Friend, Henry Kuttner." Etchings and Odysseys 4 (1984), p. 10.
  3. ^Bester, Alfred (1976). "My Affair with Science Fiction". Star Light, Star Bright: The Great Short Fiction of Alfred Bester, Volume II. New York: Berkley. p. 225. 
  4. ^DeCamp, L. Sprague. Warlocks and Warriors, p. 167 (NY, Berkley 1971).
  5. ^http://www.isfdb.org/cgi-bin/title.cgi?767085 Retrieved February 14, 2017
  6. ^Ray Bradbury, "Introduction: Henry Kuttner: A Neglected Master" in The Best of Henry Kuttner, Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1975, pp. vii–xii. "Pomegranate" is on p. vii; Shawn Ramsey, "Henry Kuttner's Cthulhu Mythos Fiction: An Overview", in The Horror of It All, Robert M. Price, ed.
  7. ^"Mary Elizabeth Counselman, "Hank and Weird Tales". Etchings and Odysseys 4 (1984), p. 38
  8. ^J. Vernon Shea, "Henry Kuttner: A Memoir", Etchings and Odysseys 4 (1984), p. 9
  9. ^His Mythos related stories were published in The Book of Iod in 1995, edited by Robert M. Price.
  10. ^Ramsey, p. 122.
  11. ^Robert M. Price, "Editorial Shards", Crypt of Cthulhu 41 (Lammas 1986), p. 2.
  12. ^"The Khut-N'ha Mythos" by Robert M. Price (ed) in Henry Kuttner, The Book of Iod (Chaosium, 1995), vi.
  13. ^p. 15
  14. ^Marcus Pan, Off The Shelf - "The World Treasury of Science Fiction", a book review, Legends Magazine, vol. 111, 2001

Further reading[edit]

  • Paul Dale Anderson. "Random Factors: The Recurring Themes of Henry Kuttner." Etchings and Odysseys 4(1984), 19-21.
  • Robert Bloch. "The Closest Approach" in Bloch's Out of My Head. Cambridge MA: NESFA Press, 1986, 47-53.
  • Robert Bloch. Once Around the Bloch: An Unauthorised Autobiography. NY: Tor Books, 19995, pp. 79, 94-98, 104-5, 157, 185, 238, 253, 350.
  • Ray Bradbury. "Henry Kuttner: A Neglected Master". Introduction to The Best of Henry Kuttner, NY: Ballantine Books, 1975, pp. vi-xii.
  • Don D'Amassa, "Henry Kuttner: Man of Many Voices" in Darrell Schweitzer (ed.), Discovering Classic Fantasy Fiction, Gillette, NJ: Wildside Press, 1996, pp. 122–125.
  • Various. "Recollections of Henry Kuttner By His Friends". Etchings and Odysseys 4(1984), 9-12, 38. Brief memoirs by J. Vernon Shea, Fritz Leiber, Robert Bloch, Leigh Brackett, Edmond Hamilton, and Mary Elizabeth Counselman.

External links[edit]

Kuttner's novelette "Spawn of Dagon", part of his Elak of Atlantis series, was the cover story for the July 1938 Weird Tales
Another Elak story, "Beyond the Phoenix," was cover-featured in the October 1938 Weird Tales
Kuttner's novella "Crypt-City of the Deathless One" was the cover story for the Winter 1943 issue of Planet Stories

Lewis Padgett was the joint pseudonym of the science fiction authors and spouses Henry Kuttner and C. L. Moore,[1][2][3] taken from their mothers' maiden names. They also used the pseudonyms Lawrence O'Donnell and C. H. Liddell, as well as collaborating under their own names.

Writing as 'Lewis Padgett' they were the author of many humorous short stories of science fiction in the 1940s and 1950s. Among the most famous were:

Adaptations[edit]

"The Twonky" was the inspiration for a radio show recording and a full-length film by the same name.

Episodes of Tales of Tomorrow and The Twilight Zone were based on the short story "What You Need".

The feature film The Last Mimzy is loosely based on the short story "Mimsy Were the Borogoves".

Bibliography[edit]

As themselves (1937-'56)[edit]

  • Quest of the Starstone, 1937
  • Earth's Last Citadel, 1943
  • The Mask of Circe, 1948 (Illustrated by Alicia Austin in 1971)
  • Home is the Hunter, 1953
  • Or Else, 1953
  • A Wild Surmise, 1953
  • Home There's No Returning, 1955
  • Two-Handed Engine, 1955
  • No Boundaries, 1955 (collection)
  • Rite of Passage, 1956

As Lewis Padgett (1941-'53)[edit]

  • A Gnome There Was, 1941
  • Piggy Bank, 1942
  • Deadlock, 1942
  • The Twonky, 1942
  • Compliments of the Author, 1942
  • Time Locker, 1943
  • The Proud Robot, 1943
  • Mimsy Were the Borogoves, 1943
  • Shock, 1943
  • Open Secret, 1943
  • The World Is Mine, 1943
  • Endowment Policy, 1943
  • Gallegher Plus, 1943
  • The Iron Standard, 1943
  • When the Bough Breaks, 1944
  • The Piper's Son, 1945
  • Three Blind Mice, 1945
  • Camouflage, 1945
  • What You Need, 1945
  • Line to Tomorrow, 1945
  • Beggars in Velvet, 1945
  • We Kill People, 1946
  • Rain Check, 1946
  • The Cure, 1946
  • Time Enough, 1946
  • The Fairy Chessmen, 1946 (2 parts)
  • Chessboard Planet, 1946 (novel)
  • Murder in Brass, 1946
  • The Portal in the Picture, 1946 (novel), later published under the title Beyond Earth's Gates 1949
  • Project, 1947
  • Jesting Pilot, 1947
  • Margin for Error, 1947
  • Tomorrow and Tomorrow, 1947 (2 parts)
  • Exit the Professor, 1947
  • The Day He Died, 1947 (novel)
  • Ex Machina, 1948
  • "https://archive.org/stream/Astounding_v42n05_1949-01_cape1736#page/n5/mode/2up Private Eye", 1949
  • The Prisoner in the Skull, 1949
  • See You Later, 1949
  • Beyond Earth's Gates, 1949 (novel), originally published under the title The Portal in the Picture 1946
  • Tomorrow and Tomorrow, 1951 (novel)
  • Tomorrow and Tomorrow & The Fairy Chessmen, 1951 (omnibus)
  • The Far Reality, 1951 (companion novel to Tomorrow and Tomorrow)
  • Robots Have No Tails, 1952 (collection)
  • Mutant, 1953
  • Humpty Dumpty, 1953
  • Epilogue, 1953 (essay)
  • Line to Tomorrow and Other Stories of Fantasy and Science Fiction (collection)

As Lawrence O'Donnell (1943-'50)[edit]

  • Clash By Night, 1943
  • The Children's Hour, 1944
  • The Code, 1945
  • The Lion and the Unicorn, 1945
  • This is the House, 1946
  • Vintage Season, 1946
  • Fury, 1947
  • Promised Land, 1950
  • Heir Apparent, 1950
  • Paradise Street, 1950

As C. H. Liddell (1950-'53)[edit]

  • The Sky is Falling, 1950
  • Carry Me Home, 1950
  • "P.S.'s Feature Flash", 1950 (essay)
  • The Odyssey of Yiggar Throlg, 1951
  • Android, 1951
  • We Shall Come Back, 1951
  • Golden Apple, 1951
  • The Visitors, 1953

References[edit]

Notes
Bibliography
  • Clute, John and John Grant. The Encyclopedia of Fantasy. London: Orbit Books, 1997. ISBN 978-1-85723-368-1.
  • Clute, John and Peter Nicholls. The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. London: Orbit Books, 1993. ISBN 978-1-85723-124-3.
  • Kuttner, Henry.The Best of Kuttner, Volume 1. London: Mayflower Books Ltd., 1965.
  • Kuttner, Henry. The Best of Kuttner, Volume 2. London: Mayflower Books Ltd., 1966.
  • Moore Kuttner, Catherine.The Best of Henry Kuttner. New York: Ballantine Books, 1975. ISBN 0-345-24415-X.
  • Nicholls, Peter.The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. St Albans, Hertfordshire, UK: Granada Publishing Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-586-05380-8.

External resources[edit]

  1. ^Clute and Grant 1997, p. 741.
  2. ^Clute and Nicholls 1993, p. 903.
  3. ^Nicholls 1979, p. 445.