Keep A Check!
When writing an essay, keep the topic in mind when forming a conclusion. If the essay requires a creative initiation to the final paragraph, then write it accordingly. Avoid cliched endings like, 'To conclude' or 'Lastly' where possible. While giving a speech, keep the time limit in mind. Do not end it abruptly, and never ever say something like, 'Okay, so I have talked long enough. I'll conclude quickly here by saying...'. There's no need to be sorry for giving your speech!
Any speech or essay has three parts - the beginning, main body, and conclusion. All three sections are equally important. If you begin your speech or essay with a weak opening, you run the risk of losing the attention of your audience. If the main body is not factual enough or sufficiently researched, then your message will not be communicated properly and your efforts will be in vain. The conclusion of your work is also extremely important. It needs to be effective enough to leave a lasting impact on the minds of your audience. If the ending is weak, then the reader or listener will tend to forget it pretty quickly.
The main aim of a conclusion is to hammer your point home. It has to convince your audience that what you are saying is something significant and must be looked into. A conclusion has the power to make or break your work; but fret not. It is really not that difficult to make your speech or essay end on a powerful note. Check out the following paragraphs to find some good conclusion starters for essays and speeches, and also to know some basics for adding a good finishing touch to your work.
► Ways to start a conclusion
There are many ways to conclude an essay or speech. It is not necessary to go with a particular type of ending for all your works. It must be customized according to the content. Every topic demands a different conclusion style. Here are a few ideas to get you started.
Sample topic - A rise in the number of motor vehicles, leading to an increase in pollution.
Summarizing the entire work
This is an impersonal conclusion style. Here, the highlights of the work can be summarized into a few lines. You can make your point once again in a nutshell. This type of conclusion does not require a personal tone; the tone must be practical and detached, yet effective enough to leave a mark on the audience. It is good for argumentative essays. Read the following example.
"It is safe to say, after looking at the staggering statistics, that urgent action is the need of the hour. Making people aware is the first step towards bringing this situation back into control. Options like car pooling, cycling, or using public transport will pay off in the long run, even if they do not give instant results. Timely action and a little bit of compromise are the need of the hour, to save our planet from imminent destruction."
If you are writing/speaking about a topic that you feel strongly for, then you can conclude it by voicing your opinions or views about it. This is an effective way to make the conclusion memorable. This is good for persuasive essays. Follow this method only if you are personally involved in the topic; that way it will be easier for you to put your thoughts into words.
"I fear that at the rate at which pollution is rising, there will not be enough time for us to take corrective measures and salvage the situation. We need to act fast and act now. Sure, there will be a few compromises in our path; we may have to leave earlier to catch the bus or train, or we may need to drive for more distance on our carpool day; but look at the bigger picture. It is these small initiatives that will go a long way in helping our planet. We are the change, and it is time we embrace it."
Diverting it to a complimentary issue
You can subtly lead your essay/speech to another issue, which is, of course, logically connected to your current topic. For example, if you are talking about the rise in drug use among today's youth, you can conclude your piece by talking about what the schools or communities should do to help these kids. This will leave the audience thinking about your work from a different viewpoint.
"The alarming statistics show that in a few years time, every home will have at least two cars, or even more. This is not going to help the issue of environmental pollution in any way. The Government should begin making people aware of the imminent danger we all are in. If there are some guidelines chalked out, then it will be easier for everyone. What happens in this direction remains to be seen. After all, change is said to be successful only if it reaches till the topmost level. Let us pledge ourselves to a more responsible lifestyle, and a safer planet."
► What not to do
The samples given above were just some examples of the three types of conclusions. Although these have the power to give your speech/essay a strong end, there are some things that you must be careful of. Read the following list to know what you must stay away from while writing concluding statements.
Do not drag it out. It must be concise and to the point.
Try to include the main topic of your work into the conclusion. However, use different words.
Make the last sentence more creative than the others.
Try not to use too much of decorative language.
Do not waver from the main topic if writing about a complimentary issue.
Keep the conclusion as a summary of the entire essay/speech. Do not make it about any one point.
► List of ideas for good conclusion starters
Now that you have an idea about how to write a good and effective conclusion to your speech/essay, check out some conclusion starter examples for the same. These are some of the standard ways to initiate the final part of your work.
- To conclude, I would like to say...
- (Only) To conclude...
- To sum up...
- In conclusion...
- To finish off...
- All in all...
- In the end...
- So as you can see...
- As evidence shows...
- To summarize...
- As I already explained...
- In closing...
Second Claim Paragraph
Another reason abortion [should/should not] be legal is [that/the fact that] [provide your second claim for or against the legality of abortion.]
Another reason abortion [is/is not] [moral/ethical] is [that/the fact that] [provide your second claim about the moral or ethical status of abortion.]
- Abortion is a fundamental right guaranteed by the constitution (Roe vs. Wade)
- Abortion is a women's right to make decisions about her own body
- Abortion is not painful to the fetus
- Abortion, when legal, is safer
- Abortion can be a good financial decision
- Abortion is wrong because it is equivalent to the murder of a human being
- Life begins at conception, so fetuses have human rights
- Abortion is painful to the fetus
- Abortions can cause psychological trauma
- Abortion can cause major medical problems for the mother